How Many Trading Ports Are There in Egypt?

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Egypt has served as an important hub for international trade. It is a country with a rich historical legacy and geopolitical importance. From the active ports of Alexandria and Damietta to the pivotal Suez Canal, the country’s maritime infrastructure has played an important role in facilitating trade between East and West for centuries. But with a coastline stretching over 3,000 kilometers, just How Many Trading Ports Are There in Egypt?

Considering the Statistics that show

While the exact number can vary depending on how you define “trading port,” a comprehensive picture explained when we consider various categories. But No matter your port of choice, a reliable ship chandler company is crucial for your success. Choose the best ship chandler company to ensure smooth operations and timely restocking, keeping your vessel on schedule and your business competitive.

Major Commercial Ports: 

These are the heavyweights of Egypt’s port network, handling the bulk of the country’s maritime trade. They include:

Greater Alexandria Port: 

Greater Alexandria Port is the largest cargo handling facility in Egypt. It encompasses a vast complex that includes the ports of Alexandria and Dekheila. This port plays an important role in Egypt’s maritime trade, specializing in the handling of various types of cargo. Its focus areas include the transportation of petroleum, general cargo, and containers. The strategic location and extensive facilities make it a key hub for the import and export activities that contribute significantly to Egypt’s economic activities.

Damietta Port: 

Damietta Port is a major container port located on the eastern edge of the Nile Delta in Egypt. It holds significant importance in the country’s maritime trade, particularly for handling containerized cargo. The port’s strategic location facilitates efficient transportation and trade routes, contributing to the overall economic activities of Egypt. In addition to its role as a key container port, Damietta Port is known for its handling of substantial grain exports, further enhancing its significance in the region’s trade network.

Port Said Port

Port Said Port is strategically situated at the northern entrance of the Suez Canal, playing a pivotal role in Egypt’s maritime trade. It serves as a key transit point for containerized cargo and petroleum. Due to its location, it is a crucial gateway for goods entering and exiting the Suez Canal, facilitating efficient transportation and trade routes. The port’s significance lies in its ability to handle various types of cargo, making it an essential node in the country’s commercial maritime network.

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Suez Port

Suez Port is a versatile and multi-purpose port located on the Gulf of Suez, contributing significantly to Egypt’s maritime activities. This port plays a crucial role in facilitating the movement of containerized cargo, general cargo, and dry bulk traffic. Its strategic location on the Gulf of Suez enhances its importance as a key hub for shipping and trade activities, connecting maritime routes and supporting various industries. The port’s capacity to handle diverse types of cargo makes it an integral part of Egypt’s commercial port network, contributing to the nation’s economic development.

Safaga Port

Safaga Port is situated on the Red Sea coast and serves as a vital hub for Egypt’s maritime trade. It plays a crucial role in the export of minerals and phosphates. The port’s strategic location along the Red Sea provides convenient access to international shipping routes, making it an essential gateway for the transportation of valuable commodities. Safaga Port’s specialization in handling minerals and phosphates underscores its economic importance, contributing to the overall trade and development of Egypt, particularly in industries related to natural resources.

Minor Commercial Ports in Egypt

These ports handle smaller volumes of cargo but cater to specific regional needs. Examples include:

Ain Sukhna Port

Ain Sukhna Port is a rapidly developing port located on the Red Sea. Recognized for its growth and strategic importance, the port is known for its oil and gas terminals. As a key facility on the Red Sea coast, Ain Sukhna Port plays a significant role in facilitating the transportation of energy resources. Its development and specialization contribute to the broader objectives of enhancing trade and economic activities in the region, particularly in the field of oil and gas logistics.

El Arish Port

El Arish Port is situated on the Sinai Peninsula and serves as a gateway for trade with neighboring countries. This port plays a crucial role in facilitating maritime transportation and trade activities in the region. Located on the Sinai Peninsula, El Arish Port’s strategic position makes it an important link for commerce and transportation connecting Egypt with its neighboring nations. The port’s primary function is to support trade activities and contribute to the economic development of the surrounding areas by serving as a key maritime access point.

Sokhna Port

Sokhna Port is a growing port located on the Red Sea, and it specializes in container and roll-on/roll-off cargo. As a developing facility, Sokhna Port has become increasingly important in handling various types of cargo, particularly containers and rolling stock. Its growth signifies its role as a key player in facilitating trade and transportation activities, supporting the movement of goods through efficient container handling and roll-on/roll-off services. The port’s specialization reflects its contribution to the broader maritime trade network, connecting Egypt to international markets.

Specialized Ports

These ports cater to specific cargo types or industries, such as:

Adabiya Port 

Adabiya Port is an integral part of the Suez Canal complex in Egypt. It holds significance for its role in handling dry bulk cargo, including commodities such as coal and iron ore. Situated as part of the infrastructure associated with the Suez Canal, Adabiya Port plays a strategic role in facilitating the transportation of essential raw materials. Its specialization in dry bulk cargo handling contributes to the efficiency of the overall maritime trade network, supporting industries that rely on the import and export of bulk goods like coal and iron ore.

Abu Qir Port

Abu Qir Port is a dedicated fertilizer export terminal in Egypt. Specializing in the handling and export of fertilizers, this port plays a crucial role in the nation’s agricultural and chemical industries. Fertilizers are essential for enhancing soil fertility and agricultural productivity, and Abu Qir Port serves as a key facility for shipping these products to international markets. The port’s specialization reflects its importance in supporting the export sector and contributing to the broader economy by facilitating the transportation of fertilizers to meet global demand.

El Hamra Port

El Hamra Port is a fishing port and naval base in Egypt. It serves the dual purposes of supporting the fishing industry and acting as a naval facility. The port provides essential infrastructure for the fishing sector, facilitating the landing, processing, and distribution of fish and seafood products. Additionally, as a naval base, El Hamra Port plays a role in supporting the maritime security and defense activities of the region. Its dual functionality underscores its importance in both economic and strategic terms, contributing to the livelihoods of those involved in the fishing industry and enhancing national security.

Read Also : Role of Ship Chandler in Egypt

The Future of Egypt’s Trading Ports

Egypt’s port network is undergoing continuous development and expansion. Key initiatives include:

  • Upgrading existing port infrastructure: Modernizing facilities and increasing capacity to handle larger vessels and growing cargo volumes.
  • Developing new ports: Ain Sukhna and Sokhna ports are prime examples of this strategy, catering to future trade needs.
  • Enhancing logistics efficiency: Streamlining customs procedures and investing in digitalization to improve cargo flow.


Egypt’s trading ports are more than just numbers on a map; they are the lifeblood of the country’s economy and a testament to its enduring position as a global trade leader. As the world’s maritime landscape evolves, Egypt’s ports are set to continue playing a vital role in facilitating international commerce and propelling the nation’s economic growth for years to come.

What is the biggest port in Egypt?

The biggest port in Egypt is Greater Alexandria Port, encompassing both Alexandria and Dekheila port facilities. It handles the largest cargo volume and plays a pivotal role in the country’s international trade.

How many ports are in Suez Canal?

While the Suez Canal itself isn’t technically a port, there are two major ports located directly on its ends:
Port Said: Situated at the northern entrance, it’s a key transit point for containerized cargo and petroleum.
Suez Port: Located at the southern end on the Gulf of Suez, it facilitates container, general cargo, and dry bulk traffic.

Which port has the most trade?

The port with the most trade in Egypt is the Greater Alexandria Port, surrounding both Alexandria and Dekheila ports. It covers around 75% of the country’s maritime trade and specializes in containers, general cargo, and petroleum.